Museum of Hora
The Museum was founded in 1969 by the Archaeological Service, under the responsibility of the Ephorate of Antiquities of Olympia. Museum collections include: Vessels and miniatures of the Middle Helladic era, found in the sites of Peristeria, Routsi, Volimidia, Tragana, etc., movable findings from the Palace of Nestor, in Englianos.
Some of the most important exhibits of the Museum are: gold jewellery and gold cups from the vaulted tombs of Peristeria, Trifylia dating back to the 16th-15th century B.C., two impressive amphorae with “palace style” decoration, found in the vaulted tomb of Routsi (15th century B.C.), frescoes from the Palace of Nestor representing war scenes and other themes, dating back to the 13th century B.C., casts of clay slates bearing Linear B inscription, dating back to the 13th century B.C., the originals of which are kept in the National Archaeological Museum, late Mycenaean tripod ceremony vessel (known as “ryto”), decorated with three heads of animals (bull and deers), the only one of its kind, coming from the graveyard of Volimidia and dating back to the 14th-13th century B.C., Messinian double cup also known as “depas amphicypellon” in ancient Greek), discovered in the tombs of Volimidia, clay vessel from the palace of Nestor, an independent vessel serving as support for the sticks used for roasting meat, and the only one we know of coming from the residence of a Mycenaean king.
The objects kept in the Museum have been found in various Mycenaean, mostly, locations spread over a large geographical area within the Messinian space. From major residential locations including Peristeria Kyparissia (one of the most important early Mycenaean centers of Western Peloponnese), the Nichoria (among Rizomilo and fruit) and Eglianos (seat of Anak of Pylos, administrative and trade center during the Late Mycenaean ), and other smaller centers or settlements in the region. Also comes from large vaulted tombs kings, local rulers (local ruler) or large landowners, but also from small vaulted or domed tombs of the population. Deleted, so through the various sets of findings on the basic structure of the Mycenaean society to Pylos, which flourished in the late 13th century BC, and revealed the contents of the texts of the Linear B tablets of Englianos.
Two of the paintings, the one with the agonist of bull leaping (sport of Minoan Crete) and a sanctuary with double horns (the sacred symbol of the Minoans) suggest influence from the frescoes of Minoan palaces.; Important findings from the tomb excavated in Vagena hill, near the palace. Among them, a bronze bottle, a bronze manual, a crater with a hunting scene and embossed gold rosettes. From the same tomb from four large vessels: two jars Middle Helladic type jar with a wide mouth pipette bearing and mimics Cretan standards of the 15th century. BC, and a pithamphora bearing decorated with stems of ivy, which belongs to a type of vessel that is often found in the western Peloponnese.
Contact Information: Archaeological Museum of Hora
Address: Country Trifylia – Messinia – PC 24600
Phone: +30 27630 – 31358